TimeLines of Liberty
Last updated June, 2007.
Mother's Day is
observed on the Second Sunday in May.
TimeLine of Mother's Day
Day 'round the World
Mother's Day Trivia
Mother's Day Links
Mother's Day of old & Around the
Mother's Day observances around the world are celebrated on different days
often with several differing origins.
Ancient Greece had mother worship with a festival to Rhea, the
mother of Greek gods, the wife of Cronus. Ancient Romans
worshipped Cybele a mother goddess celebrating Hilaria a three
day festival called the Ides of March (March 15 to March 18).
The Romans also had the holiday Matrionalia that celebrated Juno
with gift giving to mothers. Ancient festivals did not
The early Christians celebrated Mother's festival on the
Mothering Sunday, also commonly called "Mother's Day" in the United
Kingdom, Ireland, and Nigeria is on the fourth Sunday of Lent;
three weeks before Easter Sunday. 16th Century Christians
practiced visiting their mother's church annually thus providing
mothers a reunion with their children.
In many other nations the Mother's Day concept was copied from
Western Civilization. Many African countries copied the
British concept, although many celebrations honoring mothers had
existed for centuries among the various diverse African
cultures. Most of East Asia copied the marketed and
commercialized aspect of the American concept.
Norway celebrates Mother's Day on the Second Sunday in February.
Israel has Shevat which falls between January 30th and March
Georgia celebrates on March 3rd. Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia,
Bulgaria, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Laos, Montenegro, Serbia and
Ukraine celebrate Mother's Day on March 8th. Belarus, Macedonia,
Mongolia, Romania, Russia Celebrate the holiday as International
Women's Day on March 8th.
Sauidi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Palestinian
Territories, Qatar, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Sudan, United Arab
Emirates and Yemen celebrate on March 21st.
Slovenia celebrates on March 25th and Armenia on April 7th.
Nepal celebrates Mother's Day on the new-moon of the first month
of the Bangla Calendar.
Hungary, Lithuania, Portugal and Spain celebrate on the
first Sunday in May. Mother's Day is celebrated
on May 8th in South Korea and Albania actually celebrating
Parent's Day. Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Oman Celebrate
Mother's Day on May 10th.
Most Countries designate the Second Sunday in May for Mother's
Day; Anguilla, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados,
Bangladesh, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, Brazil, Brunei,
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cuba, Croatia, Curacao, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland, India,
Bulgaria, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Latvia, Malta. Malaysia,
Myanmar, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Peru,
Philippines, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, St.
Lucia, Suriname, Switzerland, Taiwan, Trinadid and Tobago,
Turkey, Ukraine, Uraguay, Venezuela, Zimbabwe and the United
Poland celebrates Mother's Day on May 26th with Bolivia on May
Mother's Day is celebrated on the last Sunday in May in
Dominican Republic, Haiti, Sweden, Morocco, Mauritius, and
Algeria. France also celebrates on the last Sunday unless it
conflicts with Pentecost day when it is pushed to the first
Sunday in June. Nicaragua celebrates Mother's Day on May 30th.
Mongolia celebrates a second celebration as Mothers and
Childrens Day as the only country to celebrate Mother's Day
twice a year.
Thailand celebrates Mother's Day on August 12th, the birthday of Qween Sirikit Kitiyakara.
Antwerp (Belgium) and Costa Rica celebrate the day on August
15th. Argentina designates the third Sunday in October. Malawi
celebrates on the second Monday in October. Russia has a
Mother's Day on the Last Sunday in
November. Panama on November 8th and Indonesia on December 22nd.
Iran and other Muslim sects including the Shias celebrate on the
2oth of Jurnada al-thani of the Iranian calendar and is also
called Women's Day.
The earliest American
celebrations of Mother were associated with women's suffrage or
the promotion of peace.
Mother's Day was the brainchild of two or more women with Mary
Towles Sasseen and Miss Anna Jarvis being the two most prominent
for their efforts to have Mother's Day made a National
observance. Other observances celebrated elsewhere across the
nation failed to garner much attention. All observances placed
the concept into the consciousness of the nation allowing the
efforts of Anna Jarvis to blossom into the National Observance
of Mother's Day.
One legend of Mother's
A Pastor was interrupted to tend to his wayward son. A lady
walked to the pulpit to ask all to join her in prayer supporting
the pastor. That woman's children were so proud of her that they
determined to honor her on the same day every year. Those
children suggested that others to do the same for their mothers.
This may have been just one of the many observances that did not
gain momentum and have been forgotten in the passing of those
Ann Marie Reeves Jarvis,
an Appalachian homemaker beginning in 1858 had worked to improve
sanitation through her organizing "Mother's Work Days."
During the Civil War she organized women to work for better
sanitary conditions for both the North and the South.
In 1868 Ann Marie Jarvis
actively worked toward reconciliation of Union and Confederate
neighbors. To help heal the pain of war, Jarvis held an annual
observance, "Mother's Friendship Day."
Inspired by Ann Marie
Julia Ward Howe, using the British Holiday of "Mothering Day" as
a pretense, lobbied for a an official "Mother's Day of Peace."
Her attempts failed.
Julia Ward Howe, the author of the words to the "Battle Hymn of
the Republic," wrote the Mother's Day Proclamation in 1870.
Day Proclamation by Julia Ward Howe
Arise then...women of this day!
Arise, all women who have hearts!
Whether your baptism be of water or of tears!
Say firmly: "We will not have questions answered by
Our husbands will not come to us, reeking with carnage,
For caresses and applause.
Our sons shall not be taken from us to unlearn
All that we have been able to teach them of charity,
mercy and patience.
We, the women of one country,
Will be too tender of those of another country
To allow our sons to be trained to injure theirs."
From the voice of a devastated Earth a voice goes up
Our own. It says: "Disarm! Disarm!
The sword of murder is not the balance of justice."
Blood does not wipe our dishonor,
Nor violence indicate possession.
As men have often forsaken the plough and the anvil
At the summons of war,
Let women now leave all that may be left of home
For a great and earnest day of counsel.
Let them meet first, as women, to bewail and commemorate
Let them solemnly take counsel with each other as to the
Whereby the great human family can live in peace...
Each bearing after his own time the sacred impress, not
But of God - In the name of womanhood and humanity, I
That a general congress of women without limit of
May be appointed and held at someplace deemed most
And the earliest period consistent with its objects,
To promote the alliance of the different nationalities,
The amicable settlement of international questions,
The great and general interests of peace.
Julia Ward Howe had
suggested an "International Mother's Day" to celebrate
motherhood and peace. and a She also attempted to organize a
"Woman's Peace Congress." Howe failed to raise the indignation
of the world's women against peace and resigned herself to the
fact, "The ladies who spoke in public in those days mostly
confined their labors to the advocacy of woman suffrage, and
were not much interested in my scheme of a world-wide protest of
women against the cruelties of war."
Other women active in
local organizations across the nation held annual Mother's Day
remembrances, though most would fade into the unknown past.
Mary Towles Sasseen, a
school principal in Henderson, Kentucky wrote stories and poems
for students to recite on her mother's birthday. She called the
April 20th observance, "Mother's Day Celebration" and invited
the mothers of the students to attend. Mary Sasseen often
promoted the theme of a Mother's Day and nearly as often would
express her desire that she would like to see Mother's Day
become a national observance.
Mary Towles Sasseen had
promoted the idea of a national observance, Mother's Day,
choosing her mother's birthday of April 20th. In 1893 Mary
Sasseen published a "Mother's Day Celebration" pamphlet to
define Mother's Day. Within the pamphlet she suggested that
celebrating Mother's Day once a year, love and respect due to
parents would be instilled into the next generation. Sasseen's
pamphlet said, "Home as the magic circle within which the weary
spirit finds refuge; the sacred asylum to which the care-worn
find rest. Home! That name touches every fiber of the soul.
Nothing but death can break its spell, and dearer than home is
the mother who presides over it."
Mary Sasseen succeeded in
getting the Public Schools of Springfield, Ohio to celebrate
Superintendent of Public Instruction Miss Mary Sasseen runs an
advertisement in the May 6th Saturday Morning Gleaner that says,
"She is the author and originator of Mother's Day. Within the
past five years she has, unaided, secured the adoption of the
day in a large number of States, and cities like Boston,
Brooklyn and Little Rock have had from 10,000 to 14,000 pupils
in line, singing songs of home and reciting poems in honor of
Sasseen had devoted her
life to children and promoting a Mother's Day, then in a twist
of fate, having wed just two years before, dies in childbirth.
Unaware of Mary Towles
Sasseen's efforts that resulted in Mother's Day being celebrated
in many states, Anna Jarvis of West Virginia invites a friend to
join her in commemorating the anniversary of her mother's death
on the second Sunday in May, 1907. She tells her friend of her
plans to attempt to establish a national observance of Mother's
Day. Anna Jarvis will write thousands of letters to ministers,
teachers, business and professional men about her plans.
Observances are established in many churches and homes in
During the spring of 1908, Anna Jarvis wrote to the pastor of
Church, in Grafton, West Virginia, where her mother, Ann Marie
Jarvis, had taught Sunday School. She asked that a Mother's Day
service be held in honor of her mother. That morning service, of
May 10th, 1908, was attended by 407 people. Anna Jarvis had
sent 500 white carnations to the church where each mother wore
two blossoms and each son and daughter wore one. Anna Jarvis
founded the "Mother's Day International Association.
West Virginia became the first State to officially recognize
Mother's Day in 1910.
The custom of Mother's Day
had been established in 45 states by 1912 or shortly after.
A few states had declared
Mother's Day an official holiday.
President Woodrow Wilson
declared the first National Mother's Day in 1914. The
declaration promotes displaying the flag to honor mothers whose
sons had died in the Great War (World War I).
Becomes a holiday
Nine years had passed
since the first official Mother's Day observance with the
holiday becoming so commercialized that even Anna Jarvis became
prominent in opposition to what the holiday had become. Anna
Jarvis had filed a lawsuit to stop a 1923 Mother's Day festival
that commercialized the holiday. She was once arrested for
"disturbing the peace" at a war mothers' convention where white
carnations were being sold as a fund raiser. Jarvis has once
stated, "This is not what I intended. I wanted it to be a day of
sentiment, not profit!"
Anna Jarvis died in 1948.
She had never married and had no children. Jarvis had spent the
last of her money and her life to stop the commercialization of
the Mother's Day she had worked to establish.
This Mother's Day page is
dedicated to the PoetPatriot's mother-in-law and the memory of
his mother, Patricia Jean (Pickett) (Hancock) Lowen. His
wife's (Tracie Lynn) mother is Beverly Lucille (Carlton) Blair,
who is still yet with us.
| Anna Jarvis
had chosen white carnations to represent the enduring
sweet purity of a mother's love. Eventually red
carnations had come to show a mother is still alive,
while white carnations means Mother has passed on. Roses
still remain more popular to express love, even to
Mother's Day accounts for nearly a fourth of all floral
purchases for holidays. The United States has more than
23,000 florists employing nearly 120,000 people.
California produces two thirds of the domestic cut
flower production, although Colombia leads, supplying
America with the bulk of the cut flowers and fresh bulbs
45 % of flowers sold were fresh flowers with mixed bouquets, roses,
and carnations topping the list, respectively. Outdoor
plants sold for Mother's day came in at 37% with the
most popular being; geraniums, impatiens, and petunias.
The final 17% were houseplants; azaleas, African
violets, lilies, and chrysanthemums.
| Mother's Day is the third among
holidays for sending greeting cards. Mother's Day cards
exchanged top 150,000,000 with an average of 2.5 per
each household that sends Mother's Day cards.
There are 119 greeting card publishers in the United States
employing almost 16,000 people. Sales of greeting cards
grossed 5 billion dollars in 2002. The most Mother's Day
cards are purchased by young parents and older couples.
The retail market shows Mother's Day to be second only
to Christmas in sales for gift-giving.
More phone calls are made on Mother's Day than any other
day of the year. Mother's Day is second to Father's Day
in collect calls, dialed to home.
According to the
US Census Bureau there are 82.5 million mothers.
Twice as many women remained childless in the year 2000
than during the 1950's. Counting all
before the end of childbearing years, the average
number of children are two. Utah and Alaska have the
high of 3 children averaged over all women in those
40% of births are to first time mothers with an average
age of just over 25 years and one month.
August seems to be the month when more women give birth
becoming a mother or becoming one again. Of the weekdays
more babies are born on Tuesdays.
The odds of mother having twins are 1 in 32. The odds of having triplets
or more are 1 in 540 deliveries.
| There are 10,000,000 single mothers
living with minor children. In 1970 there were
only 3,000,000 single mothers with minor children.
|2002 statistics show that 55 percent of American
women with infants, were employed. That was down 4
percent from 1998. In the U.S. in 2002 5,400,000
mother's stayed at home to care for their children. 63%
of college-educated mothers with infant children were
employed. 72% of mothers between 15 and 44 that do not
have infants are employed.
| Since the 90s women between 40-45 who
are mothers have dropped 8 percent, to 82 percent of
women. Only 10% will end their
Miscellaneous Mother's Trivia
In America, Mother's Day is the most popular day to dine out at
Mother's Day had become a time-mark for planting Tomatoes
outdoors, after the holiday.
Many Native American Indian tribes have long
honored their mother's gift of "motherhood to the tribes," with
the name, "Life of the Nation."
Buddha says, "As a mother, even at the risk of her own life,
loves and protects her child, so let a man cultivate love
without measure toward the whole world."
The Greek word "meter" and the Sanskrit word "mantra" has two
common meanings, mother and measurement.
Adam is the father of mankind, while Eve is the "mother of All
A Mother's Love
Mothers sacrifice; in child bearing, in watching the bumps and
bruises, and then when the child leaves home to start a new
life. A mother's love never fades, even though became estranged. Some
have a loving close relationship to their mothers while others
do not. Though one may feel hurt by actions of their mother,
their mother is also hurt by the silence. God gave
mothers a special love that forgives through great pain.
Love for mother never fades though we may cover with bitter rage. Even
though you felt a perceived wrong, your mother only meant the best.
Reconciliation is the responsibility of the child to let past
hurts die in the past. Sometimes a heart to heart talk will work
it out. If not; forgive, forget, move on in love.
The mother's love brought their child through birth, the terrible
twos, "why mommy, why?", school, teenage rebellion, to the
leaving the nest. Mother goes through all that for what? That we
dishonor her over a perceived or even real wrong? How selfish of
us ! Though you succeed in hurting your mother back, you will
hurt yourself more. Bitterness eats at the soul and the body
reducing joy and happiness and shortening the life span.
Forgiveness is commanded by God. Revenge is His. We are to love
and forgive. ...Come on ! especially on Mother's Day !
Honor mom, remember the good. Remember the caring touch, the meals
made, the band aid on the knee. Forgive, forget the negatives,
now is the time to honor mom.
"My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am, I owe
to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral,
intellectual and physical education I received from her." -
- Roger W Hancock,
© June 1, 2007,
© Copyright 2005
Roger W Hancock www.PoetPatriot.com
All rights reserved. © Copyright 2005 Roger W Hancock
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