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 TimeLines of Liberty
American Wars - Vietnam

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Prelude to the  Vietnam  War

The "Prelude to the Vietnam War" is a brief history of Southeast Asia leading to America's intervention. America having become a world power after World War II intervened in Korea with a limited victory. Vietnam has had a tumultuous existence under the French, Japanese, incursions by the Chinese, and civil wars. America's new role in the world would make her the peace enforcer of nations, although without a clear victory in Vietnam.

Prelude to War  -  1930-1932-1940-1941-1945-1946-1947-1949

(Page One)

  The War - 1961-1965  -  The War - 1966-1970  -  The War - 1970-1975  -  Post War - 1976-2007
Page 2
                             Page 3                               Page                              Page 5
1930 -     Prelude to the Vietnam War     - 1960
Viet Cong
The "National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam" is formed in 1960.

The communist party faction in South Vietnam was known as the Viet Minh (Ho Chi Minh supporters) The "National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam" was created to be the command for the Viet Minh. The "NFLSV" became shortened to the "National Liberation Front" (NFL) which was the communist partisan insurgent organization to fight South Vietnam's government, the Republic of Vietnam. The Military organization of the NFL was the People's Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF). The PLAF became more commonly known as the Viet Cong (Vietnamese Communists - Việt Nam Cộng Sản) and was funded by the North Vietnamese Army and individuals in South Vietnam. American Armed Forces Would often shorten Viet Cong to Just "VC" or "Charlie" from the call letters of the U.S. Armed Forces' phonetic alphabet, "Victor Charlie".

1930 ~ Indochinese Communist Party, opposed to French rule, is organized by Ho Chi Minh and his followers in 1930.


1932 ~ Under French rule Bao-Dai, returning from France, is installed as Emperor of Vietnam.


1940 Sept. Japanese troops invade and in September begin occupation of Indochina. The French are allowed to maintain administrate colonial rule.
1941 ~ The Japanese invade and occupy Vietnam when the French pull out of Indo-China to protect France in World War II. The Japanese move into southern Vietnam prompting oil boycotts by Great Britain and the U.S.
1941 ~  Ho Chi Minh of the Communist Party emerges as leader of the anti-Japanese resistance.
1945 March Rumors of an American invasion prompted the Japanese to oust the remaining French colonial government on March 9th, seizing complete control of Vietnam. Japan retains Bao-Dai as their puppet ruler.
1945 Summer During the summer one fifth of the population; two million people; die of starvation in a famine that strike Hanoi and surrounding areas. Political unrest ensues with peasant revolts against the Japanese and remnants of the French colonial society. Capitalizing on the confusion, Ho Chi Minh spreads the Viet Minh movement.
1945 ~ Ho Chi Minh becomes ill with malaria and other tropical ailments. An OSS team parachutes into a jungle camp in northern Vietnam with medicine to save Ho Chi Minh.  OSS was the Office of Strategic Services, which later became the CIA.
1945 July After the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II the Potsdam Conference is held in Germany in July. The U.S., Britain, and the Soviet Union meet to plan a post-war agenda.
Vietnam is relegated to minor importance.  Vietnam is divide in half at the 16th parallel in attempts to disarm the Japanese. Chinese Nationalists will move in on North Vietnam and the British into South Vietnam to disarm the Japanese.
France requests and is granted the return of its Southeast Asia pre-war colonies. Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia again become French colonies after the Japanese were removed.
1945   France's attempt to return to Indo-China is resisted by the Viet Minh leading to the Indo-Chinese war.
1945 Aug. Ho Chi Minh had established the Viet Minh guerilla army; Ho Chi Minh leads the Viet Minh in taking power in Hanoi, Vietnam in August. A general uprising prompted by the Viet Minh forces Bao-Dai to abdicate. A provisional government is proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh's guerrilla army. Bao-Dai exiles to Hong Kong.
1945 Sept. In September Lieutenant Colonel A. Peter Dewey leads a team of seven OSS officers into Saigon to liberate Allied war prisoners and search for missing Americans and gather whatever intelligence they could find.
1945 Sept. The Pacific theater of World War II officially ends on September 2nd when the the Tokyo Bay agreement is signed by the Japanese.
1945 Sept. Proclaiming the independence of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh quotes the U.S. Declaration saying,  "We hold the truth that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, among them life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. This immortal statement is extracted from the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America in 1776. These are undeniable truths." The Republic of Vietnam is established in Hanoi ending 80 years of French colonial rule. Ho Chi Minh declared himself president but is ignored by President Harry S. Truman when he attempts to gain the recognition of the United States.
1945 Sept. The country of Vietnam is divided, with the north controlled by Ho Chi Minh's Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi. 150.000 Nationalist Chinese Soldiers march into North Vietnam looting villages on a march to Hanoi which was looted as well. China's presence was originally intended to liberate North Vietnam from the Japanese.
1945 Sept. British soldiers arrive in Saigon on September 13th, to push the Japanese out of South Vietnam and provide some stability.
1945 Sept. In the push against the Japanese the British liberate 1400 French soldiers held in Japanese internment camps, on September 22nd. The liberated soldiers enter Saigon in a rampage attacking the Viet Minh and killing civilians; men, women, and children. Some French civilians participated in the rampage. It is estimated that 20,000 French civilians were living in Saigon.
1945 Sept. On September 24th the Viet Minh are successful in curtailing commerce and disrupting power and water supplies in Saigon, by an organized general strike.
1945 Sept. A Vietnamese crime syndicate, the Binh Xuyen, kill 150 French and Eurasian civilians in a Saigon suburb on September 24th. Some of those slain were children.
1945 Sept. America's first fatal casualty occurs during Saigon's unrest.  OSS Lieutenant Dewey is killed on September 26th, by Viet Minh guerrillas. He was mistaken for a French officer. Spokesman for both the French and Vietminh blamed each other for his death. Dewey had filed a report on Vietnam's crises, recommending the U.S. "... clear out of Southeast Asia."
1945 Oct. World War II General Jacques Philippe Leclerc arrive in South Vietnam during October, with 35,000 French soldiers to restore French rule. The Viet Minh commence a guerrilla campaign of harassment. The Viet Minh are pushed out of Saigon by the French.
1946 Feb. In February an agreement is reached with Chinese Chiang Kai-shek allowing French control in exchange for French concessions in Chinese ports including Shanghai.
1946 Mar. Ho Chi Minh is elected President of North Vietnam on March 2nd.
1946 Mar. In March Chinese troops leave North Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh conceded to temporary French troop return to Hanoi in exchange for the French recognizing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1946 Mar. On March 6th France and Ho Chi Minh sign an agreement that establishes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
1946 May-
Ho Chi Minh spent May through September in France in attempts to gain full independence Vietnam. He fails to gain any commitment from the French.
1946 June A symbolic "slap in the face" is delivered to Ho Chi Minh when in June the French high commissioner for Indochina declares a French-controlled government for South Vietnam.
1946 Nov. Ho Chi Minh's attempts to negotiate independence from the French, in November, ends without success.
1946 Nov. On November 8th in Haiphong French troops clash with Vietnamese rioters.
1946 Nov. Following several violent clashes with the Viet Minh in November, the French army cruiser "Suffren" opened fire, shelling Haiphong Harbor. Over 6,000 Vietnamese civilians were killed.
1946 Nov. The French troops march and occupy Hanoi, forcing a jungle retreat of Ho Chi Minh and Viet Minh troops.
1946 Nov. The first large-scale attack against the French by the Viet Minh occurs on December 19th, beginning the eight year First Indochina War. Vo Nguyen Giap, Viet Minh military commander, states, "The resistance will be long and arduous, but our cause is just and we will surely triumph... " French military commander, Gen. Etrienne Valluy replies, "If these [people] want a fight, they'll get it."
1947 Oct. Between October 7- December 22, the French attack Viet Minh guerrilla positions in North Vietnam near the Chinese border, in the series of attacks dubbed Operation Lea. Suffering over 9000 causalities, most of the 40,000 Viet Minh guerrilla escape through the French lines.
1947 Oct. Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese Nationalist Army is defeated by Communist forces led by Mao Zedong in October. The Communist victory incites anti-Communist sentiments in America leading to Foreign policy of Communist "containment" and expansion.
1949   Chinese political power is consolidated under Communism by Mao Tse Tung.
1949   Bao-Dai is placed as Chief of State by the French on March 8, 1949 over the puppet government.
1949   The (South) Vietnamese National Army is created by the French in July
1950 Jan. The People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union recognize the Democratic Republic of Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh in January, 1950.
1950 Jan. China begins sending trucks, howitzers, mortars, automatic weapons and military advisors to the Viet Minh in (North) Vietnam. The equipment had belonged to the Chinese Nationalists before Mao's overthrow of the Chinese government which meant that large amounts were American made. General Giap, with the help of Chinese Communist, advisors conforms his guerrilla fighters into conventional army units.
1950 Feb. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin delivers a speech on February 7th, 1950 and claims the U.S. State Department is harboring Communists. The era of  "McCarthyism" begins resulting with politicians taking a hard stance on Communism, avoiding the appearance of being "soft."
1950 Feb. An Indochina French base is attacked on February 11th by two Viet Cong battalions.
1950 Feb. The U.S. and Britain recognize the French-controlled South Vietnam government under Bao-Dai in February.
1950 Feb. An offensive against French post near the Chinese border of North Vietnam is began by the Viet Minh in February.
1950 Feb. The United States begins to provide financing to the French covering 3/4th of the military expense of the Indo-China war. 
1950 Mar. Korea exposes itself as a large threat in Asia, when Communist North Korea invaded South Korea.
  June President Harry S. Truman ordered American ground troops into Korea in June. Addressing the nation Truman refers to the invasion backed by the U.S.S.R. as "monolithic world Communism."
1950 July In July President Truman authorized 15,000,000 dollars in military aid to the French in Indochina.
1950 July July 26, 1950 - United States military involvement in Vietnam begins as President Harry Truman authorizes $15 million in military aid to the French. Accompany the shipments of U.S. tanks, planes, artillery and various supplies to Vietnam were American military advisors. 3 Billion U.S. dollars will be sent over the following four years providing 80 percent of supplies used by the French.
1950 Aug. The U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) of 35 men were arrived in Saigon, on August 3rd, to advise the French.
1950 Aug. The first shipment of arms to aid pro-French Vietnam arrives from the United States on August 10th 1950.
1950 Sept. French outposts along the Chinese border will fall as General Giap commences with a main offensive on September 16th. French losses are 6000 men and large stocks of military equipment left to the Viet Minh.
1950 ~ The U.S. is financing half of the cost of France's war in Vietnam, by the end of 1950.
1951 ~ By 1951 U.S. military aid in Vietnam amount to more than $500 million.
1951 Jan. General Giap orders 20,000 Viet Minh to attack French positions in the Red River Delta (Hanoi to the Gulf of Tonkin). The new French command of General Jean de Lattre are aided by the open areas of the Delta; The French troops are able to defend with success. In the first attack, on January 13th, at Vinh Yen near Hanoi the Viet Minh withdraw after losing 6000 troops to the French.
1951 March French outpost near Haiphong are attacked over March 23rd to the 28th, by a second wave of General Giap's Viet Minh that are repelled by air strikes and French naval gunfire, killing 3000 Viet Minh..
1951 May 10,000 Viet Minh are killed or wounded in a third attempt by General Giap to defeat General de Lattre's defensives. From May 29th to June 18th the Viet Minh attack in the Day River area southeast of Hanoi. The French defensives of reinforcements, air strikes and boat attacks are again victorious. In the fighting General's de Lattre's only son, Bernard de Lattre becomes one of the French causalities.
1951 June On June 19th, General Giap orders a general withdrawal of Viet Minh troops in the Red River Delta.
1951 Sept. The French General de Lattre traveled to Washington, D.C., in September, to request more aid.
1951 Nov. Southwest of Hanoi at Hoa Binh, on November 16th, French forces combine, with intentions to lure General Giap into a major battle.
1951 Nov. General De Lattre is replaced on November 20th by General Raoul Salan. General DeLattre had been diagnosed with cancer. Promoted to the rank of Marshal, De Lattre dies at home two months later.
1951 Dec. General Giap abondons conventional warfare for "hit and run" attacks.  Hoping to cut French supply lines the Viet Minh begin a counter offensive on December 9th by attacking the Frech outpost at Tu Vu on the Black river. After the attacks the Viet Minh would retreat into the dense jungles.
1951 Dec. By the end of 1951, French losses in Vietnam exceed 90,000 men.
1952 Jan. The Viet Minh break the French supply lines to Hoa Binh are broken as well as Route Coloniale 6, on January 12th.
1952 Feb. From February 22nd to the 26th the French withdraw from Hoa Binh to De Lattre's line of defense with the aid of a 30,000 round barrage of artillery. During the Black River "hit and run" attacks the casualties were over 5,000 for both the French and the Viet Minh.
1952 Oct. General Giap's Viet Minh attack French positions, on October 11th, along the Fan Se Pan mountain range between the Red and Black Rivers. He hopes to draw enough French troops to weaken the De Lattre Line of defense.
1952 Oct. In a counter move the French launch Operation Lorraine, attacking Viet Minh supply basses in the Viet Bac area. General Giap ignores the French, maintaining the positions along the Black River.
1952 Nov. Operation Loraine is canceled as the French withdraw, from November 14th to the 17th, back to the De Lattre Line. French troops encounter an ambush at Chan Muong during the retreat.
1953 Jan. Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated as the 34th President on January 20th. During World War II Eisenhower had been an Army five-star general and was Allied command of the European Theater of the war.  To thwart Communist expansion, Eisenhower will substantially add to the military aid already being provided to the French for Vietnam. Eisenhower introduces the domino effect into the justification for deepened involvement in Vietnam, citing that should Vietnam fall the surrounding countries would fall one after another as in a "Falling row of dominoes." The "Domino Theory" would be cited by U.S. presidents and their advisors, throughout the Vietnam conflict.
1953 Mar. Nikita Khrushchev, known for speaking his mind becomes leader of the United Soviet Socialist Republic (U.S.S.R.), when Soviet leader Josef Stalin dies on March 5th, 1953.
1953 July An armistice is signed on July 27, 1953 that officially ends the Korean War and divides the county at the 38th parallel into (Communist) North Korea and (Democratic) South Korea.  The armistice is viewed by many nations as a possible model to resolve the Vietnam conflict.
1953 Nov. General Henri Navarre orders Operation Castor on November 20th to establish a series of outposts to protect a small air-base at Dien Bien Phu, located in a remote jungle valley in northwest Vietnam
1953 Nov. General Giap begins to amass troops and artillery in the area of Dien Bien Phu with the idea that a decisive blow to the French may be possible. Viet Minh troops manually pull 200 howitzers up the rugged mountain sides in preparatory move to shell the French air base.
1953 Nov. Reconnaissance patrols note the recent actions of the Viet Minh around Dien Bien Phu. The French prepare for a showdown massing troops and artillery, but will have underestimated the strength of General Giap's troops.
1954 Feb. President Dwight Eisenhower cautions on February 10th, against the United States intervention in the Vietnam conflict.
1954 Mar. The French are attacked on March 13th by Viet Minh forces led by General Vo Nguyen Giap in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. the United States refuse to provide air support allowing for the eventual French defeat. 50,000 Viet Minh outnumbering the 10,000 French troops begin the assault from the jungle hills. Artillery pounds the French shutting down the only runway. French supplies are delivered by parachute with some falling into Viet Minh hands. General Giap's Viet Minh troops begin digging out a maze of tunnels and trenches to gain closer access in surrounding the French position.
1954 Mar. Out-numbered 5 to 1, 10,000 French troops are under seige and will soon expend their supplies of fresh water and medical supplies. The French make an appeal to Washington for urgent assistance.
1954 Mar. Washington considers the French request. The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff consider three possible military options: send American troops to the rescue; a massive air strike by B-29 bombers; or use of tactical atomic weapons. President Eisenhower dismissed the air raid and the nuclear options after a negative response from Britain. Deciding against the option of American troop deployment, Eisenhower cites the probability of high casualty rates in a jungle assault at Dien Bien Phu. America takes no action
1954 May 8,000 Viet Minh and 1,500 French troops have died so far in the battle.
1954 May The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends on May 7th, at 5:30 pm, when French troops surrender, as the Viet Minh overrun the French air-base. The French-Indochina War ends.  Nearly half of the French captives die as they are marched 60 days to prison camps 500 miles away, or while in the camps.
1954 May France makes a complete withdraw from Vietnam that ends an eight year military conflict with the Viet Minh. 400,000 soldiers and civilians from all sides of the conflict had died.
1954 May The Geneva Conference on Indochina begins on May 8th. The U.S., Britain, China, the Soviet Union, France, Vietnam (Viet Minh and representatives of Bao Dai), Cambodia and Laos meet to negotiate a solution for Southeast Asia.
1954 June The CIA established a military mission in Saigon in June of 1954.
1954 June Ngo Dinh Diem is selected by Bao-Dai in June, to be Prime Minster of South Vietnam.
1954 July The Geneva Conference on Indochina convened on July 20th. on July 21st Vietnam is divided into North Vietnam under Communist Rule and South Vietnam under Prime Minister Ngo Dnh Diem. The Geneva Accords, signed by the French and Viet Minh established the International Control Commission. The 17th parallel was set as the temporary line between North Vietnam and South Vietnam creating a demilitarized zone. Free elections were directed to be held in Vietnam, north and south, before July 1956. Fearing a victory for Ho Chi Minh, the U.S. opposed unified elections.
1954 Sep. SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) is established on September 8th. Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, United Kingdom, and the United States form SEATO agreeing to consult on matters of military affairs with Cambodia, Laos, and South Vietnam joining later. The commitment was less binding and strict as the requirement of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
1954 Oct. Viet Minh take control of governing North Vietnam on October 11th. In South Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem retains control. The U.S. sets its hopes on Diem for a democratic South Vietnam. Diem predicts, "another more deadly war."
1954 Oct. Neary 1,000,000 Roman Catholics flee Communist North Vietnam for the south at the suggestion of Ngo Dinh Diem, who is, himself, Roman Catholic.
1954 Oct. After an eight year stealth presence in the Jungle, Ho Chi Minh returns to Hanoi in October, to take formal control of North Vietnam.
1954 Oct. 90,000 communists move from South Vietnam to the north, however Hanoi's instructions nearly 10,000 Viet Minh fighters remain quietly in South Vietnam.
1954 Oct. On October 24th, President Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges support to Ngo Dinh Diem's government and Vietnam's military forces.  In expectation of social and land reforms the United States send technical and financial aid to South Vietnam.
1955 Jan. The first U.S. Military aid arrives in Saigon in January. The U.S. offers training for the inexperienced South Vietnam Army.
1955 Feb. Eisenhower's administration sends the first U.S. advisers to South Vietnam on February 12th to train the South Vietnamese Army.
1955 May Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem orders a violent crackdown on the Binh Xuyen organized crime syndicate in May. The Binh Xuyen operates casinos, brothels and opium dens.
1955 July Ho Chi Minh visits Moscow in July  to accept Soviet aid.
1955 Oct. Bao Dai is defeated by Prime Minister Diem on October 23rd,  in a rigged, U.S. backed election. having connections to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), U.S. Air Force Col. Edward G. Lansdale advises Diem on his consolidation of power.
1955 Oct. Ngo Dinh Diem declares, on October 26th, the Republic of South Vietnam a sovereign nation and himself as its first President. U.S. President Eisenhower pledges support and continued military aid.
Diem appoints many high level positions to family and friends. Diem's younger brother Ngo Dinh Nhu becomes his chief advisor. U.S. advisors attempt to increase Diem's popularity with America's style of political rallies and tours around the new nation; although Diem's style (distant and dictatorial) of leadership become counter productive to their attempts.
1955 Dec. The Communists implement radical land reforms in North Vietnam in December, 1955. The reforms will result in "people's tribunals," with farmers being brought before the court. During Ho Chi Minh's transition to the communist philosophy, thousands are executed and others sent to labor camps.
1955 Dec. South Vietnam's President Diem upsets the Buddhist community by seizing land from Buddhist peasants, giving it to his Catholic supporters. Diem suppresses peasant's hopes for land reform by allowing continued ownership by large land owners.
1956 Jan. President Diem orders a crackdown in January, against suspected Viet Minh "moles". Suspects apprehended are tried before "security committees" having been denied counsel. Many suspects are tortured or shot, supposedly, "while attempting escape."
1956 April The French High Command for Indochina is dissolved as the last French soldier departs from South Vietnam on April 28th.
1956 July The deadline set by the Geneva Conference for unifying election passes in July. Elections did not take place in either North or South Vietnam. President Diem outlaws those factions that oppose him. He also prohibits the election of Village chiefs, appointing supporters of his government. Ho Chi Minh in North Vietnam, without surprise, had done the same.
1956 Sep. President Eisenhower tells a September 5th, 1956 news conference the French are fighting, "a hopelessly losing war in Indochina."
1956 Nov. In November 6000 peasants are killed or deported during the Communist suppression of peasant unrest over oppressive land reforms.
1957 Jan. Unwilling to recognize Communist North Vietnam the U.S. rejects a Soviet Union proposal for a permanent division of North and South Vietnam, with the United Nations admitting each as a separate nation.
1957 May Diem's government retained focus on security spending little on schools, medical care and other social services.  Communist guerrillas take advantage promising simple land reform and a higher standard of living to sway support among South Vietnam's peasants.
1957 Oct. Bombings and assassinations kill over 400 South Vietnamese officials from October to the end of the year. The killing and terror was part of a diverse campaign by Viet Minh guerrillas.
1958 June 37 armed companies were organized in the Mekong Delta in June as the Communists form a coordinated command.
1959 Mar. Ho Chi Minh declares a "People's War" in March, to unite all of Vietnam. North Vietnam Communists order an all-out military revolution.
1959 May In May, 1959 the Viet Minh begin construction of a supply route through North Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia into South Vietnam, that becomes known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
The Ho Chi Minh Trail becomes 1500 miles of jungle and mountain passes that provided a contant flow of soldiers and supplies into the South Vietnam highlands. It was a 6 month Journey in 1958 but with improvements the trip is shortened to six weeks in 1968. During the 70s a fuel pipeline was added to the supply route. Most of the laborers working to create and improve the Ho Chi Minh Trail were women.
1959 July South Vietnamese born Viet Minh guerrillas were sent from the North to infiltrate South Vietnam, in July.
1959 July The first deaths of American Soldiers in the Second Indochina War occur on July 8th. During an attack, at Bien Hoa 20 miles north of Saigon, South Vietnam, Viet Minh guerrillas kill two U.S. military advisors, Major Dale Buis and Sergeant Chester Ovnand. The Second Indochina War becomes known as "The Vietnam War."
1960 ~ The political opposition to President Diem goes underground in 1960. The Viet Minh in South Vietnam is called by President Diem as Viet Cong, which is quickly picked up on by the U.S. military.      The Viet Cong request and receive help from the communist government of North Vietnam.
1960 March It is announced on March 6 by the U.S. that 3,500 American troops will be sent to Vietnam.
1960 April In April, North Vietnam imposes universal military conscription with an indefinite tour of duty.
1960 April Eighteen prominent South Vietnamese nationalists petition President Diem in April to reform the rigid, family run, and often corrupt government. The advise is ignored as President Diem closes down opposition newspapers, arresting journalists and other intellectuals.
1960 ~ President Diem's appointed village chiefs become targets for assassination by a Viet Cong campaign in 1960.
1960 Nov Disgruntled South Vietnamese Army officers fail in a coup against President Diem. Perceived "enemies of the state," are arrested in a campaign ordered by President Diem. The police, under control of Diem's brother Nhu arrests over 50,000 people with some being tortured and executed. The arrests further deteriorates Diems popular support.
1960 Nov. Many who feared arrest had fled to North Vietnam and will later be sent back to infiltrate South Vietnam becoming members of the People's Liberation Armed Forces. Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh guerrillas become stealth spies among the South Vietnamese, working to undermine the South Vietnam government.
1960 Dec. Hanoi establishes the National Liberation Front on December 20th as the command for the communist Viet Cong guerrillas in South Vietnam.
© Copyright 2007 Roger W Hancock 



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Prelude to the War

 The War - 1961-1965  -  The War - 1966-1970  -  The War - 1970-1975  -  Post War - 1976-2007
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