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American Holidays  -  Christmas

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Christmas   -   TimeLine
Observed on December 25th.

A TimeLine History of Christmas Day and traditions.
Christmas Is ...   -   Christmas TimeLine   -   Christmas Facts
Story of Baby Jesus   -   The Nativity   -   Links
Christmas Is ...

       Christmas is Christ's Mass, a celebration service for the birth of Jesus Christ. God sent his son to be born of a virgin to live experiencing the temptations of and as a man. Sacrifices of lambs, goats, doves and other animals had provided the blood that was required by God for the forgiveness of sin. Man still sinned so Father God sent Jesus Christ to man to be the Lamb who's sin would be shed for the cleansing of sin, of those who in repentance would believe on God's only son, Jesus Christ.
       Christmas is the celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ born a baby by virgin birth. Joseph trusting God and directed by an angel, brought the virgin Mary to Bethlehem to avoid King Herod's killing of baby boys in attempts to kill the prophesied Jewish King. Arriving in Bethlehem with Joseph walking and Mary on the back of a donkey there were no accomodations. One inn keeper said all he had was a stable among the animals, but it was a roof. Jesus was born in a hay trough in a stable born by virgin birth. A bright star showing in the sky, directed shepherds, kings and wisemen to the stable bearing gifts for the baby Jesus.
       Christmas is not an observance directed by Jesus Christ, or the Bible at all for that matter, although we are directed to remember His death, as the great sacrifice for our sins. Christmas came about by the incorporation of Pagan holidays putting a Christian emphasis on the celebrations to bring Christ to the heathen. Some have called it a compromise.
       Christmas is the remembering the Baby born of virgin birth who would become a man to become the Lamb to be sacrificed in your stead. The wages of sin is death. The shedding of Christ's blood is propitiation for your sin. God's gift to man.
       Christmas is religious to some and just a joyous time for others. Christmas has expanded to be a multi-cultural celebration of life with traditions of religious and secular origins and emphasis. Today's celebrations, although from various origins, continue today because of the core reason to celebrate the birth of Christ the Lamb.

Christmas  TimeLine
200 BC Mist-letoe 200 years before Christ Mistletoe was revered and used by Druid priests in winter celebrations. Mistletoe was singled out for having no roots yet stayed green during the fridged weather of winter. The ancien Celtics thought mistle toe to have healing power. It was used against poisoning, infertility and evil spirits. Also considered a symbol of peace it is said that Roman enemies who met under the mistletoe would lay down their arms and embrace. The custom of Kissing under the Mistletoe came from the association of mistletoe with Frigga, the goddess of love. Kissing under mistletoe promised happiness and good luck in the coming year. Mistletoe became a primative symbol for the male and female fertility.
BC-AD Fall The Bible does not state the time of year of Christ's birth but it is has been studied and presumed to have been the end of September.
300+ AD Jan. It is believed that Christmas began to be observed during the fourth century. The Catholic (Denominational not 'Universal') church began to merge pagan celebrations placing Christian meanings on the events to draw the heathen into the church. The birth of the sun-god Attis in Phrygia and the Persioan sun-god Mithras were celebrated on December 25th. Babylonian and Egyption mid winter festivals and the Germanic fertility festivals were about the time of Christmas. The festival of Saturn, god of peace and plenty ran from the 17th to the 24th. Most would begin to celebrate Christmas on January 6th, by the Julian calendar. Christmas celebrated Jesus Christ's coming on January 6th when it is believed He was baptized.
300+ AD Clause

During the early fourth Century, Bishop Nicholas of Myra, in today's Turkey, was a generous man, devoting time to the children. He had given secret gifts to three daughters of a poor man who had no wealth for their dowries and was about to send them into a life of sin. He died in 340 A.D. From this came the custom of secretly giving gifts on the Eve of Saint Nicholas which was December 6th. The Saint Nicholas story was the first semblance of a Santa Clause.
354 AD Jan. Christmas had been celebrated on January 6th until the year 354 when some Christians began to celebrate Christmas on December 25th using other time calculations. The Church took the pagan festivals and celebrations putting on them Christian meanings as a means to stamp them out.
* On Christmas Day the people crowded in to the church at the coronation of Charlemaign. Charlemaign kneeled before the altar as the Pope placed the crown on his head.
1043 Jan. The first reference of Christmas Day in the English language was in the year 1043. (January, 6th; Julian calendar)
1087 Clause

Italian sailors stole the remains of Saint Nicholas and took them to Bari, Italy. This action increased the popularity of Saint Nicholas throughout Europe. During the Middle Ages theives considered Saint Nicholas their patron saint.
1100 + Clause

The legend expanded with St. Nicholas becoming the patron saint of Russia, portrayed with a red cape, long white beard with a bishop's mitre. In Greece St. Nicholas became the patron saint of sailors; in France the patrion saint of lawyers; in Belgium he became the patron saint of travellers and children. Thousands of Churches were dedicated to St. Nicholas. by the twelveth century the church created a holiday in his honor with traditions of charity and gift giving.
1100 +? Clause Kriss Kringle is the "Santa Clause" from Germany. The name Kriss Kringle was derived from the German word Christkindl.
1225 Trad. Saint Francis as a means to teach the people began the tradition of re-enacting the birth of Christ and the construction of nativity scenes in 1225.
1300s Carol In the Middle Ages new Christmas customs emerged. The carol emerged being used for several celebrations during the fourteenth century. The use waned for most celebrations and the carol began to be associated with the religious observance of Christ's birth. Only the Christmas Carol survived the times.
? Carol One of the earliest of the English carols is "The Coventry Carol that showes a mediaeval attempt to liberate the Christmas story of Jesus from the liturgy of the church.
? Holly


Holly and Ivy as well as mistletoe were primative symbols for the male and female fertility. The magical boughs of holly would be placed over the door to ward away the ghosts and demons of the winter season. To brighten the dreary moods of winter, greenery would be brought inside to freashen the air.
Legends say that as Christ walked the earth holly sprouted in His footsteps. The stickery points of the leaves to represent Christ's crown of thorns and the red berries to symbolize the blood of Christ shed for sin.
1300s Carol

"The Holly and the Ivy" carol has pagan tradition with the Christian sentiment. The words of the lyrics are suspected to have originated in an ancient fertility dance and were probably from before the fourteenth century.  Homes and altars were decorated in the green of the land. The music of the carol probably came from the areas of Somerset or Gloucestershire.
Trees Martin Luther (1483-1546) the Protestant Reformer was the first to adorn trees with candles, inside his home. He attempted to recreate the effect of his witnessing of the stars shinning through the branches of a fir tree.
1521 Carol A set of Christmas Carols were printed out by Wynkin de Worde in 1521. The carols were more festal chansons rather than the religious songs that were more common.
1582 Dec. Christmas had been Celebrated on January 6th. In 1582 Pope Gregory XIII by decree, ordered that the calendar skip ten days and fifteen seconds due to the miscalculations of the Julian calendar. The new Gregorian calendar would be the new calendar for most of Europe that were mostly Catholic. Protestants held to the Julian calendar for nearly the next 300 years.
(Switching from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar moved January 6th to the 16th making the next Christmas on December 25th.)
1600s Carol "God Rest You Merry Gentlemen" was written in London, England four hundred years ago.
1600 + Trees Germany decorated trees indoors and out with apples, roses, colored paper and candy. A popular play during the Advent season depicted Adam and Eve being expelled from the Garden of Eden. A fir tree with apples symbolized the Garden of Eden. The play concluded the the coming of a saviour.
? Carol "Here We Come A-Wassailing" is an old English version of 'Cheers'. 'Wassail' derived from 'wes hál', the old English version of the salutation 'cheers!' The 'wassail bowl' is filled with punch. When caroling the children carried the wassail bowls adorned with rosemary. Such is a tradition that survives today in some areas of Yorkshire, England.
1621 Jan. Governor William Bradford discovered some new members of his work crew had scruples about working on Christmas Day, January 6th (Julian calendar)..
1642 * Isaac Newton the Famous scientist was born prematurely on Christmas Day 1642.
1647 Jan. In Britain the Canterbury proclaimed that Christmas Day and other festivals of superstitution be abolished. A market would be kept on Christmas Day, January 6th. (Julian calendar)
1650 + Candy
Candy and Cookies were the most common Christmas Tree decoration but as the tradition spread throughout Europe ingenuity would create special decorations. Straight white sticks of candy were used as decorations; seventeenth century crafstmen began to make them in the shape of a shepherd's crook after the choirmaster at Germany's Cologne Cathedral made the suggestion. The caned treats were given during mass of the living creche (nativity scene) to keep children quiet. The candy tradition spread across Europe.
1600s Poins-ettias In the seventeenth century the Franciscans in Mexico used the Poinsetta in their celebrations. A legend says a young boy on his way to the nativity scene with no gift in hand, gathered green branches from along the road. The other children laughed too soon for on the end of each branch a star appeared. The upper bright red petals of the poinsetta were often mistaken for flowers.
Clause The popularity of Saint Nicholas waned after the Reformation but his legend lived on in Holland. The Dutch spelling Sint Nikolaas eventuall became Sinterklaas. Children would leave their Dutch wooden shoes near the fireplace and if the child was good the shoes would be filled with treats. Dutch colonists to the New World brought with them the Sinterklaas tradition. During the later part of the sixteenth century the Anglican term Santa Clause came about.
1652 Dec. Protestants had been protesting against observing Christmas. The Catholic church celebrated Christmas on December 25th. The English Parliament ordered on December 24, 1652 that "No observance shall be had of the five and twentieth day of December, commonly called Christmas Day."
1719 Carol "Joy To The World" was originally called "Antioch" for the city in Syria where believers were first called Christians. (Acts 11:26) Isaac Watts (1674 - 1748) wrote the lyrics and the music was written by George Frederick Handel (1685 - 1759).
1739 Carol Charles Wesley wrote "Hark! The Herald-Angels Sing" in 1739. W.H.Cummings adapted the tune, thinking it more appropriate for gay secular wording.
1751 Jan. England finally officially adopted the Gregorian Calendar in 1751. Some parts of Great Britain call the 6th of January, Old Christmas Day.
1760 Carol The Latin 'Adeste Fidelas' was translated into English in 1760 to become "O Come All Ye Faithful." The translation is thought to be by John Wade (1711-1786) The carol was first heard in public in 1782.
1800s Carol The traditional Welsh song is a carol of the 19th century.
1816 Carol "Angels From the Realm of Glory" was a French carol that was translated into English in 1816 by James Montgomery.
1818 Carol From the Tyrolean village of Hallein, local church organist, Franz Gruber and schoolmaster, Joseph Mohr came the carol "Silent Night." This is one of the most popular of the Christmas Carols. It was written in 1818.
1822 Clause Clement C. Moore wrote, The Night Before Christmas, first titled A Visit from Saint Nicholas, as a gift for his children. He portrayed Santa Claus as:

He had a broad face and a little round belly,
That shook when he laughed, like a bowl full of jelly,
He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf,
And I laughed when I saw him, in spite of myself;
1828 Poins-ettias Joel R. Poinsett, the U.S. Ambassador to Mexico brought the Poinsetta to America in 1828.
1833 Carol The carol "The First Nowell" was written in the early 17th century. It was first published in 1833 to become one of the most favored tradional Christmas Carols.
Cards The First Christmas cards were made in the eary nineteenth century by school boys in England as an exercise to practice writing skills. Those first cards had painted boarders with written messages to the boy's parents.
1836 day The first state to grant a legal recognition of Christmas was Alabama in 1836.
1839 Trees Prince Albert, native of Germany married Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1839. The Christmas Tree was introduced to England by Prince Albert.
1843 Cards Sir Henry Cole, the first director of the London's Victoria and Albert Museum, found himself too busy during the 1843 Christmas season to write the long hand-written letters of Christmas greetings. Sir Cole had a card printed. He commissioned artist John Calcott Horsley for the illustration; a family enjoying Christmas festivities; the inscription read, "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to You."
1847 Candy
The National Confectioner's Association says that Agust Imgard, a German immigrant, used the candy cane to to decorate a Christmas tree in 1847 in Wooster, Ohio.
1848 Trees In 1848 the Illustrated News published an etching showing the Royal family of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Taken in Windsor Castle the Prince and Queen and their children were gathered around a Christmas tree. The Christmas tree became popular throughout Victoria's England.
Carol Basing the music on a traditional melody that most likely originated from the area of Herefordshire in England, the Unitarian Minister, Edmund Sears (1810 - 1876) wrote the carol, "It Came Upon A Midnight Clear."
Carol Filled with Victorian sentiment was the carol "Good King Wenceslas." The Reverened J. M. Neale (1818 - 1866) carried a reputation for reviving carols and wrote the lyrics setting them to a 14th century dance tune.
Carol The words to "Once in Royal David's City" was written by Mrs. C.F. Alexander (1832 - 1895) the wife of the current Bishop of Ireland. The Music was written by H.J. Gauntlett (1832-1876).
1857 Carol Sounding much older than it is, "We Three Kings of Orient Are" was composed in 1857 by American, John Henry Hopkins.
1870 day The District of Columbia had made an official recognition of Christmas in 1870.
Trees The Pennsylvania Germans brought the Christmas tree tradition to America in the late eighteen hundreds.
1890 day By 1890 all States and U.S. Territories had acknowledge Christmas as a legal observance.
Over 50 years after the hanging of the Candy Cane on a Christmas Tree in Ohio Bob McCormack of Albany, Georgia made the candy treat for family friends and local shopkeepers.
Carol "Away in a Manger" was written by an American church organist, W. J Kirkpatrict who lived from 1832 untill 1921. He based the carol on a traditional American poem to be performed by a Sunday School class.
1914 Dec. During World War 1 German soldiers on the Western Front, were heard singing Christmas carols on Christmas eve. The British commander investigating, found a lone German soldier was requesting to talk with a British soldier. The British Commander asked to talk with a German officer. Christmas greetings were exchanged and an agreement was made to cease hostilities until midnight Christmas Day.
A later agreement, allowed soldiers on both sides to enter the battle field between both front lines to bury the dead. Together British and German soldiers spent Christmas Day burying the fallen soldiers.
1931 Clause Santa Clause had been depicted as an elf up until 1931 when Coca-Cola commercials portrayed him as life-sized as an average adult.
1939 Clause

The Montgomery Ward store chain would distribute coloring books as Christmas gifts to children of their customers. To save money the management commissioned one of their own copywriters, employee Robert L. May to write a Christmas story. Twenty four million copies of Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer were distributed in 1939. Over 6 million copy would have been distributed over the next seven years during the wartime paper shortage. The story was inspired by The Ugly Duckling and the writer's own childhood experiences. He tested the rhyming couplets on his four-year-old daughter who was delighted by the story. Mr. May had considered Rollo, Reginald, and Rudolph as names for Santa's newest reindeer.
1940 Song
It is believed that Irving Berlin wrote the song White Christmas in 1940 at the poolside of the Biltmore hotel in Phoenix, Arizona. Berlin instructructed his secretary saying, "Grab your pen and take down this song. I just wrote the best song I've ever written - heck, I just wrote the best song that anybody's ever writen."
1941 Song
Bing Crosby first performed White Christmas in 1941 on Christmas Day on his NBC radio show The Kraft Music Hall.
1942 Song

Bing Crosby recorded White Christmas in 18 minutes on May 29, 1942, with the John Scott Trotter Orchestra and the Ken Darby Singers for Decca Records. Gettin off to a slow start, White Christmas eventually topped the Your Hit Parade chart, with eleven weeks at the top of the Billboard charts.
That first recording topped the Black-oriented Harlem Hit Parade for three weeks.
1945 Song

Decca re-released Bing Crosby's recording of White Christmas in 1945, returning it to the number one spot on the Billboard chart during the Christmas season.
1946 Song

Decca again re-released Bing Crosby's recording of White Christmas for the 1946 Christmas season, returning it to the number one spot on the Billboard chart dated January 4, 1947.
1947 Song

Decca called Bing Crosby to the studios on March 18th, 1947 to re-recored White Christmas. The 1942 original had become damaged due to frequent use. Attempts were made to duplicate the original using the same orchestra and back-up singers although there were subtle differences in the orchestration. Among the differences were the addition of a celesta and flutes to enliven the introduction.
1947 Clause

Robert L. May had been Left in debt after the illness and passing of his wife. May was able to gain the copyright of Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer from Montgomery Ward. His story was printed commercially in 1947, ensuring his financial security.
1948 Clause
Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer was was made into a nine-minute cartoon that was shown in theaters in 1948.
1949 Clause


Robert L. May's brother-in-law, songwriter Johny Marks wrote both the lyrics and melody to the song Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer to birth the Rudolph phenomenon. Many artists refused the piece afraid of going up against "Santa Clause." The same year it was written, Gene Autry recorded the song at the urging of his wife. Two Million copies were sold the first year, to eventually become the second best selling Christmas song of all time. (The Best selling was Bing Crosby's White Christmas.)
1950s Candy
Brother-in-law to Bob McCormack (see 1900), Catholic priest Gregory Keller, invented a machine to make the popular candy cane treat.
1947 Song

The song White Christmas was the basis for the 1954 movie White Christmas staring Bing Crosby.
1957 Clause
As a commedy, in the same vein as the Cat in The Hat and based on the Santa story, Dr. Seuss published and illustrated, The Grinch Who Stole Christmas in 1957. The Grinch hated Christmas and sought to steal Christmas from the citizens of Whoville.
1964 Clause

Burl Ives narrated the 1964 Television special of Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer which remains a holiday favorite today. Rudolph has gained a perminent place in Santa's sphere.
1966 Clause

An animated move, Dr. Suess' How the Grinch Stole Christmas, played in theaters, in 1966, to become a yearly television tradition.
1969 Clause

The Roman Catholic church revised its calendar to omit St. Nicholas Feast Day, due to the lack of documentation of its place in history and to the church.
80s ?
At some point in history peppermint became the standard flavor of the Candy Cane with red and white stripes. With no documentation for proof and more recently the colors have come to have religious meanings; Christ's purity in the white, His blood shed in the red and the three red stripes to represent His Holy Trinity. Occassionally found in various flavors the red striped pepermint candy cane remains a favorite Christmas treat and decoration.
2000 Clause

A large budget 2000 movie remake of the animation How the Grinch Stole Christmas used live actors. Jim Carrey played the Grinch as no other could have. Taylor Momsen played Cindy Lou Who.
© Copyright 2010 Roger W Hancock
Other Christmas Facts
We get "Christmas" the word, from the Old English "Christes maesse" that today would be "Christ's mass".
Xmas or X-mas is sometimes used in place of Christmas. The first letter of Christ's name is X in Greek.
Often errantly believed to be the twelve days leading up to Christmas, the song "The Twelve Days of Christmas" are actually the 12 days between Christmas and the Epiphany.
Scandinavia had festivities that were known as Yule. The growing season was followed by winter with an opportunity to enjoy the summer's bounty with feasting and merriment.
Burning of the 'Yule' log came from the pagan worship of vegetation and fire.
The Saturday before Christmas is typically the busiest shopping day of the year.

                       Busiest "On-line" Shopping days:
Second Monday of December from 2000 to 2005. - Wednesday, December 13th, 2006 -
Monday, December 10th, 2007 - Tuesday, December 9th, 2008 - Tuesday, December 15th, 2009

© Copyright 2010 Roger W Hancock

Story of Baby Jesus
- Book of Matthew -

Conception  -  Conspiracy  -  Maji  -  Warning  -  Infanticide

The Nativity
- Book of Luke -
Story of Baby Jesus
From the Book of Matthew

Conception of Jesus Christ

Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: when His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit. And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man and not wanting to disgrace her, planned to send her away secretly. But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for the Child who has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. "She will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins."

Now all this took place to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: "BEHOLD, THE VIRGIN SHALL BE WITH CHILD AND SHALL BEAR A SON, AND THEY SHALL CALL HIS NAME IMMANUEL," which translated means, "GOD WITH US." And Joseph awoke from his sleep and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took Mary as his wife, but kept her a virgin until she gave birth to a Son; and he called His name Jesus.

Holy Bible; Matthew Chapter 1, verses 18-25 - NAV


Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, *magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, "Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him."

When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. They said to him, "In Bethlehem of Judea; for this is what has been written by the prophet: "AND YOU, BETHLEHEM, LAND OF JUDAH, ARE BY NO MEANS LEAST AMONG THE LEADERS OF JUDAH; FOR OUT OF YOU SHALL COME FORTH A RULER WHO WILL SHEPHERD MY PEOPLE ISRAEL.'" Then Herod secretly called the magi and determined from them the exact time the star appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem and said, "Go and search carefully for the Child; and when you have found Him, report to me, so that I too may come and worship Him."

Holy Bible; Matthew Chapter 2, verses 1-8 - NAV
is a caste of wise men with studies in astronomy, astrology, and natural science.

Magi Follows The Star

After hearing the king, they went their way; and the star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them until it came and stood over the place where the Child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy. After coming into the house they saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell to the ground and worshiped Him. Then, opening their treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned by God in a dream not to return to Herod, the magi left for their own country by another way.

Holy Bible; Matthew Chapter 2, verses 9-12 - NAV

Warning To Flee

Now when they had gone, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, "Get up! Take the Child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for the Child to destroy Him." So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: "OUT OF EGYPT I CALLED MY SON."

Holy Bible; Matthew Chapter 2, verses 13-15 - NAV


Then when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its vicinity, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the magi. Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: "A VOICE WAS HEARD IN RAMAH, WEEPING AND GREAT MOURNING, RACHEL WEEPING FOR HER CHILDREN; AND SHE REFUSED TO BE COMFORTED, BECAUSE THEY WERE NO MORE."

Holy Bible; Matthew Chapter 2, verses 16-12 - NAV

The Nativity - from the Book of Luke

     And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city. And Joseph also sent up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; to be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
     And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And. lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.


Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth. This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria. And everyone was on his way to register for the census, each to his own city. Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David, in order to register along with Mary, who was engaged to him, and was with child. While they were there, the days were completed for her to give birth. And she gave birth to her firstborn son; and she wrapped Him in cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.

In the same region there were some shepherds staying out in the fields and keeping watch over their flock by night. And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened. But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid; for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be for all the people; for today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. "This will be a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger." And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, "Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace among men with whom He is pleased."

 When the angels had gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds began saying to one another, "Let us go straight to Bethlehem then, and see this thing that has happened which the Lord has made known to us." So they came in a hurry and found their way to Mary and Joseph, and the baby as He lay in the manger. When they had seen this, they made known the statement which had been told them about this Child. And all who heard it wondered at the things which were told them by the shepherds. But Mary treasured all these things, pondering them in her heart.

The shepherds went back, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen, just as had been told them.

Holy Bible; Luke Chapter 2, verses 1-20 - NAV

Other Links:
Christmas Poems by the PoetPatriot

Christmas Sayings for the Church Sign


Bible; Mathew 2: 1-14; Luke 1: 8-13, 23,24 - Bible; Luke 1: 5-47, 56-60 -;The Story of France Told to Boys and Girls - Encarta 96 Encyclopedia; Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain -
Encyclopedia Brittanica -; Yule-Tide in Many Lands - - - - -
World Book - -,_Prince_Consort -

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